Treaty Of Peace Between The State Of Israel and The Hashemite Kingdom Of Jordan

October 26, 1994
Treaty normalizing relations between Israel and Jordan, and resolving territorial disputes between the two countries. The treaty was closely linked with the efforts to create peace between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, and made Jordan only the second Arab country, after Egypt, to normalize relations with Israel. Read Document >

Israel and Future Borders: Assessment of a Dynamic Process

Gad Barzilai and Ilan Peleg / Journal of Peace Research (February, 1994)
Deals with the question of determining a future Israeli-Palestinian border within the context of an analytical framework developed by the authors. The article demonstrates the dramatic transformation, among both the Israeli elite and general public, from a territorial to ethnic imperative and from integration of the West Bank and Gaza to separation through withdrawal. Requires JSTOR Login >

Yasir Arafat

 

60 Minutes (February 1989)
Will there ever be peace in the Middle East? That's one of the questions Mike Wallace poses to Yasir Arafat, chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Arafat discusses the PLO's reputation for violence, and describes his vision for economic cooperation in the region. (12:35) Watch >

Hamas Covenant 1988

August 18, 1988
Outlines the position of the Palestinian Islamic organization Hamas on a number key issues. Identifies Hamas as the Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine and and calls for the eventual creation of an Islamic state in Palestine, in place of Israel and the Palestinian Territories, and the obliteration or dissolution of Israel. Read Document >

United Nations Security Council Resolution 476

June 30, 1980
Declared that "all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken by Israel, the occupying Power, which purport to alter the character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal validity and constitute a flagrant violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention". The resolution was adopted by 14 votes to none, with the United States abstaining. Read Document >

Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty

March 26, 1979
Treaty signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin that made Egypt the first Arab country to officially recognize Israel. Included mutual recognition, cessation of the state of war that had existed since 1948, normalization of relations, and complete Israeli withdrawal by Israel from the Sinai Peninsula which Israel had captured during the Six-Day War in 1967. Read Document >

Johnson Administration Alarmed by Israeli Settlement Plans

April 8, 1968
Top secret memorandum sent to Israel's Foreign Ministers in the wake of the 1967 war. It contains the opinion of the Legal Adviser to the Foreign Ministry that settlement in the "administered territories" occupied by Israel after the war is in contravention of Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention. Read More >

UN Security Council Resolution 242

November 22, 1967
Refers to the "inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East in which every State in the area can live in security." Passed unanimously, it calls for withdrawal of Israel forces from occupied territory and "termination of all claims or states of belligerency" between the Arab states and Israel. Read Document >

Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War

August 12, 1949
Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, signed by 195 states including Israel. Declares, in part, that an "Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territories it occupies". Read Document >

Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War

August 12, 1949
Article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, signed by 195 states including Israel. Declares, in part, that an "Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territories it occupies". Read Document >

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