The Role of the United States

The involvement of the United States in the Arab-Israeli and Israeli-Palestinian conflicts began with the inception of the State of Israel. Since then, the U.S. has led or been involved in every major effort to broker peace between these sides. The U.S. is also Israel’s most important ally, providing $3 billion in aid annually.


Arab-Israeli Peace


Peace between Israel and Egypt, and Israel and Jordan, was achieved in 1979 and 1994 respectively. Israel remains officially at a state of war with both Syria and Lebanon. The Arab Peace Initiative, proposed by Saudi Arabia in 2002 and endorsed by the Arab League, promises full peace and normalized relations between all Arab countries and Israel in exchange for a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians.

The Peace Process

In 1993, Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization signed the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements, commonly known as the Oslo Accords. This agreement was based on the 1978 Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt, and led to further US-mediated negotiations between the two sides. The negotiations have continued in an “on again, off again” manner to the present day.

Jewish Israeli