The Honorable Joseph R. Biden, Jr.
President of the United States
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20500
The Honorable Antony Blinken
United States Secretary of State
The State Department
Washington, DC 20500
Dear President Biden and Secretary Blinken,
We write to you to express our profound concern about the effects that Hamas’s terrorism and the war in Gaza
are having on children and infants in the region.
If our world can agree on nothing else, surely we can agree that children must be protected from the horrific
consequences of terrorism and war; that the endangerment of children, and grave violations of their rights and
physical safety, by terrorist attacks and in armed conflict must end immediately; and that it is long past time to
stop this cycle of violence and trauma that has ruined the lives of far too many children.
In the atrocities on October 7, Hamas terrorists murdered 1,200 people in Israel, among them at least 38
children and babies. Many children were left orphaned. The terrorists abducted more than 240 hostages,
including at least 32 children, among them a 9-month-old baby, and removed them to Gaza. Many adult hostages,
including nursing mothers, were separated from their infants and children. Another hostage was nine months
pregnant at the time of her abduction and is believed to have given birth in captivity.
One of the hostages, Abigail Edan, was just 3 years old on October 7 when her parents were murdered by
Hamas. She ran to her neighbors’ home for safety, but the terrorists kidnapped that entire family. Abigail’s
family has heard nothing about her condition since she was taken and wait in agony for any word about their
precious orphaned niece and granddaughter.
While several adult hostages have been released by Hamas, more than 240 persons remain in captivity. The
families of hostages have approached us seeking information about the American strategy to secure their loved ones’
release. Regrettably, we lack a clear understanding of the specific actions being taken by the United States to
make this a central, overriding and urgent priority. We are particularly interested in understanding the American
strategy for ensuring the safe release of both child and adult hostages.
We also share profound concerns about the dire consequences of the last month of aerial bombardment and war
in Gaza, during which at least 11,078 Palestinians have been killed, nearly half of them children and babies.
In the past 30 days, it is estimated that more than 4,000 children have been killed in the Gaza Strip and at least
6,360 children have been injured. Save the Children reported that more children were killed in just over
three weeks in Gaza than in all the world’s conflicts combined in the past three years. At least 2,260
Palestinians in Gaza, including at least 1,270 children, have been reported missing by the United Nations and are
presumed to be either trapped under the rubble still awaiting rescue—or dead.
During this same time, Israeli forces or settlers have killed at least 41 Palestinian children in the
occupied West Bank.
Of the total 2.2 million Palestinians living in the Gaza Strip, nearly half are under 18 years old.
Many have been lost in the pervasive and ongoing airstrikes on residential buildings and civilian infrastructure.
Most are suffering from the “complete siege” restrictions on food, water, fuel, and other basic human needs.
Hundreds of schools have shut down, been destroyed, or otherwise been drastically affected, including at least 29
United Nations run schools hit by airstrikes. Israel has carried out devastating strikes on five refugee
camps inside Gaza, resulting in dozens of civilian casualties, including many children.
Pregnant women, newborns and babies are disproportionately bearing the burden of the war. There are an
estimated 50,000 pregnant women in Gaza, with more than 180 women giving birth each day. These women are
unable to access emergency obstetric services and some are forced to give birth in their homes or in overflowing
shelters, where sanitation conditions are deteriorating. CARE International reported mothers are undergoing
C-sections without anesthetics. Premature babies require incubators, breathing machines and infusion pumps,
all of which depend on vanishing supplies of electricity.
Malnutrition was already high in Gaza prior to October and, as access to food and water worsens, mothers are
struggling to feed themselves and their children. The water shortage is reaching a crisis point. Hydration is
key for nursing mothers to produce enough milk to feed their babies, and for those who cannot breastfeed, clean
water is required to prepare most formula. A spokesperson from the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) recently warned
infants might die of dehydration.
Children in Gaza wounded in airstrikes are faced with life-altering critical injuries. The only survivor of
an October 22 airstrike that razed two buildings was a one-year-old, Milissa, who, just days prior to the airstrike
had taken her first steps. During the strike, her spine was fractured, and she was paralyzed from the chest
International norms require that all parties to an armed conflict protect children and prevent the commission
of grave human rights violations against them, including killing and maiming, abduction and kidnapping, and the
denial to them of humanitarian relief and medical access.
We commend your Administration’s commitment to pressing for a major expansion of humanitarian supplies
arriving into Gaza and applaud the plan you have worked out with the Israeli government to have daily four-hour
pauses, as well as the Israeli government’s commitment to allow in more supplies. While we welcome these
developments, we believe the deepening humanitarian disaster risks becoming a catastrophe that undermines the
United States’ credibility in the region. We urge an immediate cessation of hostilities against targets with a
civilian presence to facilitate the timely evacuation and protection of children and babies.
Moreover, we need a thorough daily accounting of the condition of Palestinian and Israeli children and babies
killed, wounded, and traumatized in this conflict. While every effort must be made to secure the release of the
hostages, the efforts should also be made by the U.S. to immediate access of humanitarian organizations such as the
International Red Cross and Red Crescent to Israeli children abducted by terrorists and still being held in Gaza.
Such accountability should guide and help determine U.S. policies and strategies to prioritize the protection,
care, and services for children who daily confront unspeakable dangers and loss in this conflict.
Thank you for your time and consideration of this pressing matter. We look forward to your response.
Rep. Jamie Raskin
Rep. James McGovern