by Mark Bilsky, Deputy CEO of Americans for Peace Now
This is not a season that invites calm reflection. Too much is in play. The agenda is crowded with controversy. New possibilities tantalize but have yet to come into focus. We are inundated with talk of “competing narratives” alongside the growing controversies over quarantine, democracy, annexation, land, peace, income disparities and ethnic disparities.
It’s easy to get lost in these issues and they have become so much the focus of not only the daily news but of Israel’s story itself that the disposition to celebrate has come to feel insensitive, requiring an apology. But a celebration that must be shrink-wrapped in an apology is no celebration at all.
What then to do? The moment you cast caution aside and start listing the achievements, you bump into checkpoints. Say that Israel has fulfilled its destiny as a Jewish haven, and you will be told that it has done so only at the expense of the Other. Say that Israel’s economy has developed, and you will be told it’s because of foreign subsidies and at the cost of a tremendous income gap. Say that brainpower has emerged as Israel’s most important resource, and you will be told about the decline in Israel’s education system. Say that Israel has no partner for peace and you will be told to look at yourself in the mirror.
THE MOMENT YOU CAST CAUTION ASIDE AND START LISTING THE ACHIEVEMENTS, YOU BUMP INTO CHECKPOINTS. SAY THAT ISRAEL HAS FULFILLED ITS DESTINY AS A JEWISH HAVEN, AND YOU WILL BE TOLD THAT IT HAS DONE SO ONLY AT THE EXPENSE OF THE OTHER.
All of this is against a growing background of spreading disenchantment now infecting large segments of opinion — so much so that “disenchantment” may be too tame a word. On college campuses, the moment anybody identifies as a Zionist, often they are classified as fascists and/or racists. Their eligibility to participate in an informed conversation regarding the Israel-Palestine conflict is not merely called into question but summarily rejected.
IT IS TAKEN AS AXIOMATIC THAT ENDORSEMENT OF A JEWISH STATE IS ILLIBERAL, THAT “LIBERAL ZIONISM” IS AN OXYMORON, THAT THE MOST LIBERAL ZIONIST IS, FOR ALL PRACTICAL PURPOSES, NO DIFFERENT FROM THE MOST RETROGRADE NEOCON.
We thought the battle for the legitimacy of a Jewish nation-state had long since been resolved. We believed that the Holocaust resolved it morally, that the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine resolved it legally, that the existence and perseverance of the Jewish state resolved it existentially. Israel, we imagined, was no longer a question; it was now and forever an answer. We were evidently mistaken. The question lingers.
The idea of the Jewish state is a complicated one because the word “Jewish” designates both a religious and an ethnocultural identity, and the two aren’t readily separable.
ISRAEL, WE IMAGINED, WAS NO LONGER A QUESTION; IT WAS NOW AND FOREVER AN ANSWER. WE WERE EVIDENTLY MISTAKEN.
Many Jews have little devotion to Judaism as a religion. Many who consider themselves secular have at least vestigial ties to Jewish religious customs, ceremonies and language. You can’t have an intelligent conversation about Jewish culture that doesn’t include and, even in some measure, embrace Jewish theological understandings.
But the moment you accept that, you raise all kinds of red flags around the urge for Jewish national expression. Being an advocate of a Jewish nation-state is simply not the same as being an advocate of a Norwegian state. Norway for the Norwegians, Israel for the Jews? There are some similarities between Norway and Israel — historic trauma and cultural tenacity, among others. But haven’t the Norwegians always been in Norway? The establishment in 1905 of the Norway we know (separated in that year from Sweden) wasn’t followed by any “ingathering” of exiles; no great movement encouraging aliyah from Minnesota. There always have been Jews in Palestine/Israel. But the vast majority, in all the years of the Jewish exile, were elsewhere; not so the Norwegians.And that may offer a rationale for Zionism. Zionism is essentially a program of return and reunion. The separation of the people from the place was by force, the ties of the people to the place remained lively and then became urgent, and so it happened. Return could not have been to Oswego, N.Y., or Uruguay; return meant Palestine. Reunion did not mean a weekend retreat; it meant for life. And yes, Palestine was neither barren of others nor without claims by others. Those claims were valid but not necessarily competing. Indeed, along the way, there have been diverse programs to render them not merely compatible but mutually beneficial.
But sovereignty? A state? Why?
A simple thought-experiment, based on the assumption that the claims to presence-by-right of both peoples are of comparable validity: Under which sovereignty is there the best chance that the claim of the Other will be respected along with one’s own claim?The true answer is neither. The true answer, as it has been pretty much since the Jews of the modern period began to act on their claim, is not the Palestinians. There is simply no indication, nor has there ever been, that in a Palestine under their sovereignty they’d have accepted the Jewish return. And whether the Jews intended the creation of the Arab refugee problem or that problem was the unintended consequence of war, it is clear today that under Jewish sovereignty the right of Palestinian Arab return will not be respected.
Accordingly, two states for two peoples. It is not land for peace per se but peace for the sake of life that prompts that solution. There is shame enough to go around, shame for what has happened to both peoples, shame for their own errors and misdeeds. Two states for the sake of peace. Peace for an end to shame. The maximalist dreams of some on both sides cannot be reconciled. Hence both sides must have their own distinctive sovereignty. The ultimate irony is the majority on both sides have come to understand and accept this.
That is all one needs to know. All the rest is not, “commentary.” All the rest is drivel. All the rest is a deadly postponement.
TWO STATES FOR TWO PEOPLE IS THE ONLY RESPECTFUL WAY OF GETTING PAST THE CURRENT SORROW, THE ONGOING DISTORTION, THE DEATH AND THE DYING OF DREAMS AND OF PEOPLE.
This is the 72nd anniversary of Israel’s independence, Yom HaAtzmaut. May the celebration of the 73rd be attended by growing recognition, not only on both sides but by those who have given up caring or have chosen to be deaf to the Other. The Jewish Other or the Palestinian Other. By all those who believe in the squaring of circles. By those who fantasize that in a one-state solution, two sets of rights that have come to be seen as mutually exclusive can be accommodated. That two states for two people is the only respectful way of getting past the current sorrow, the ongoing distortion, the death and the dying of dreams and of people.
Mark Bilsky is the deputy CEO of Americans for Peace Now.