United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194

December 11, 1948
Passed in the wake of the 1948 war, this resolution established a Conciliation Commission to facilitate peace between Israel and Arab states and includes articles on access to Jerusalem and its Holy Places, UN control of Jerusalem, and a proposed solution to the Palestinian refugee problem. Read More >

"New Palestine Party" Letter

December 4, 1948
Letter signed by notable American Jewish figures, including Albert Einstein, that warns of the "disturbing political phenomena" surrounding Menachem Begin's Herut party in Israel. The letter also describes the Deir Yassin massacre, committed in part by Begin's Irgun forces, and claims that the Herut party has previously espoused Fascist principles and endorsed terrorism. PDF >

Shamir on Terrorism

Summer 1943
Excerpts from an article by Yitzhak Shamir, prime minister of Israel from 1983-1984 and 1986-1992, that first appeared in the Lehi underground organization journal Hehazit (The Front). Shamir, then the leader of Lehi, claims that "neither Jewish ethics nor Jewish tradition can disqualify terrorism as a means of combat." Read More >

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